Yucatan subsurface stratigraphy: implications and constraints for the Chicxulub impact

W. C. Ward, Gerta Keller, W. Stinnesbeck, T. Adatte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reexamination of cores and geophysical logs taken in several Pemex wells has produced improved lithologic and biostratigraphic correlation of the Jurassic to Maastrichtian section across the northern Yucatan peninsula. These data suggest that major disturbance of strata by an impact would have been confined to within about 100 km of the proposed impact center near Chicxulub. The only unusual lithologic unit is polymict breccia, which apparently was penetrated at or near the top of the Cretaceous section in all the deep wells of northern Yucatan. The timing of brecciation is poorly constrained by biostratigraphic data. There is some evidence, however, that the breccia unit is overlain by about 18 m of uppermost Maastrichtian marls, suggesting an impact before the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. In addition, there may have been more than one episode of breccia deposition. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)873-876
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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