xD-Track: Leveraging multi-dimensional information for passive Wi-Fi tracking

Yaxiong Xie, Jie Xiong, Mo Li, Kyle Jamieson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe the design and implementation of xD-Track, the first practical Wi-Fi based device-free localization system that employs a simultaneous and joint estimation of time-of-flight, angle-of-arrival, angle-of-departure, and Doppler shift to fully characterize the wireless channel between a sender and receiver. Using this full characterization, xD-Track introduces novel methods to measure and isolate the signal path that reflects off a person of interest, allowing it to localize a human with just a single pair of access points, or a single client-access point pair. Searching the multiple dimensions to accomplish the above is highly computationally burdensome, so xD-Track introduces novel methods to prune computational requirements, making our approach suitable for real-time person tracking. We implement xD-Track on the WARP software-defined radio platform and evaluate in a cluttered office environment. Experiments tracking people moving indoors demonstrate a 230% angle-of-arrival accuracy improvement and a 98% end-to-end tracking accuracy improvement over the state of the art localization scheme SpotFi, adapted for device-free localization. The general platform we propose can be easily extended for other applications including gesture recognition and Wi-Fi imaging to significantly improve performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Hot Topics in Wireless, HotWireless 2016
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages39-43
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781450342513
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2016
Event3rd ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Wireless, HotWireless 2016 - New York, United States
Duration: Oct 3 2016Oct 7 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, MOBICOM

Other

Other3rd ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Wireless, HotWireless 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew York
Period10/3/1610/7/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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