X-ray diffraction is a powerful measurement technique for determining material properties, and it is now possible to perform these experiments at pressures exceeding 1 TPa [Rygg et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 91, 043902 (2020)] at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The x-ray source for these experiments is the quasi-monochromatic Heα emission from metal foils heated to multi-keV temperatures. A critical aspect for understanding the sample's thermodynamic state is the amount of heating caused by absorption of the probe x-rays. In this work, we characterize the performance of the Ge foil x-ray source over more than 60 NIF x-ray diffraction experiments. We use this information to constrain the level of diffraction sample heating from the x-ray source and discuss the impact on the thermodynamic state.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics