Working Memory Is Complex and Dynamic, Like Your Thoughts

Timothy J. Buschman, Earl K. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Working memory is where thoughts are held and manipulated. For many years, the dominant model was that working memory relied on steady-state neural dynamics. A neural representation was activated and then held in that state. However, as often happens, the more we examine working memory (especially with new technology), the more complex it looks. Recent discoveries show that working memory involves multiple mechanisms, including discontinuous bouts of spiking. Memories are also dynamic, evolving in a taskdependent manner. Cortical rhythms may control those dynamics, thereby endowing top–down “executive” control over our thoughts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cognitive neuroscience
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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