Work and family characteristics as predictors of early retirement in married men and women

Bettina Kubicek, Christian Korunka, Peter Hoonakker, James M. Raymo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


This study presents an integrative model of early retirement using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The model extends prior work by incorporating work-family conflict to capture the interaction between the work and family domains and by assuming proximal and distal predictors of early retirement. More precisely, the model suggests that family and job demands and resources predict family-to-work and work-to-family conflict, respectively. All of these factors are presumed to have only indirect effects on retirement timing via the intervening effect of quality-of-life measures, that is, marital satisfaction, job satisfaction, and health. The authors assume that these three factors constitute predictors of early retirement in addition to socioeconomic status and the availability of a pension plan and health insurance. The model was tested with structural equation modeling techniques, and the results were supportive. Therefore, the proposed model offers a general framework for the integration of previous research findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-498
Number of pages32
JournalResearch on Aging
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Social Psychology


  • Demands and resources
  • Early retirement
  • Quality of life
  • Work-family conflict


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