Wnt signaling in sexual dimorphism

Girish Deshpande, Ali Nouri, Paul Schedl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The embryonic gonad of Drosophila melanogaster begins to display sexually dimorphic traits soon after its formation. Here we demonstrate the involvement of a wnt family ligand, wnt-2, in the induction of these sex-specific differences. We show that wnt-2 contributes to the survival of a male-specific population of somatic gonadal precursor cells (SGPs), the male-specific SGPs that are located at the posterior of the male gonad. We also show that the Wnt-2 ligand synergizes with the JAK-STAT ligand Upd, which is produced by SGPs at the anterior of the gonad to activate the STAT pathway in male germ cells. We suggest that the use of two spatially separated signaling systems to initiate the JAK-STAT stem cell maintenance pathway in germ cells provides a mechanism for increasing the pool of potential progenitors of the germline stem cells in the adult testes. Finally, we present evidence indicating that, like the JAK-STAT pathway, wnt-2 stimulates germ cells in male embryos to re-enter the cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-673
Number of pages13
JournalGenetics
Volume202
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

Keywords

  • Drosophila sex determination
  • Nonautonomous signaling
  • Sexual dimorphism
  • Wnt pathway

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