Wireless network optimization for federated learning with model compression in hybrid vlc/rf systems

Wuwei Huang, Yang Yang, Mingzhe Chen, Chuanhong Liu, Chunyan Feng, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


In this paper, the optimization of network performance to support the deployment of federated learning (FL) is investigated. In particular, in the considered model, each user owns a machine learning (ML) model by training through its own dataset, and then transmits its ML parameters to a base station (BS) which aggregates the ML parameters to obtain a global ML model and transmits it to each user. Due to limited radio frequency (RF) resources, the number of users that participate in FL is restricted. Meanwhile, each user uploading and downloading the FL parameters may increase communication costs thus reducing the number of participating users. To this end, we propose to introduce visible light communication (VLC) as a supplement to RF and use compression methods to reduce the resources needed to transmit FL parameters over wireless links so as to further improve the communication efficiency and simultaneously optimize wireless network through user selection and resource allocation. This user selection and bandwidth allocation problem is formulated as an optimization problem whose goal is to minimize the training loss of FL. We first use a model compression method to reduce the size of FL model parameters that are transmitted over wireless links. Then, the optimization problem is separated into two subproblems. The first subproblem is a user selection problem with a given bandwidth allocation, which is solved by a traversal algorithm. The second subproblem is a bandwidth allocation problem with a given user selection, which is solved by a numerical method. The ultimate user selection and bandwidth allocation are obtained by iteratively compressing the model and solving these two subproblems. Simulation results show that the proposed FL algorithm can improve the accuracy of object recognition by up to 16.7% and improve the number of selected users by up to 68.7%, compared to a conventional FL algorithm using only RF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1413
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


  • Federated learning
  • Model compression
  • Visible light communication


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