Windborne debris in horizontal winds and applications to impact testing

Chris Letchford, Ning Lin, John Holmes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


This chapter considers the trajectories of compact, rod-type and plate-type windborne debris in horizontal winds, using a combination of experimental and numerical studies. These studies indicate that the ratio of horizontal debris speed to wind gust speed is primarily a function of the horizontal distance traveled by the debris. Empirical expressions to approximate the horizontal speed of these debris as a function of travel distance and time, are developed, and may be used to establish rational debris impact criteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvanced Structural Wind Engineering
PublisherSpringer Japan
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9784431543374
ISBN (Print)9784431543367
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


  • Aerodynamics
  • Debris
  • Horizontal wind
  • Impact criteria
  • Trajectories


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