Wind-fed GRMHD simulations of Sagittarius A∗: Tilt and alignment of jets and accretion discs, electron thermodynamics, and multiscale modelling of the rotation measure

S. M. Ressler, C. J. White, E. Quataert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wind-fed models offer a unique way to form predictive models of the accretion flow surrounding Sagittarius A∗. We present 3D wind-fed magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations spanning the entire dynamic range of accretion from parsec scales to the event horizon. We expand on previous work by including non-zero black hole spin and dynamically evolved electron thermodynamics. Initial conditions for these simulations are generated from simulations of the observed Wolf-Rayet stellar winds in the Galactic Centre. The resulting flow tends to be highly magnetized (β ≈ 2) with an ∼r-1 density profile independent of the strength of magnetic fields in the winds. Our simulations reach the magnetically arrested disc (MAD) state for some, but not all cases. In tilted flows, standard and normal evolution (SANE) jets tend to align with the angular momentum of the gas at large scales, even if that direction is perpendicular to the black hole spin axis. Conversely, MAD jets tend to align with the black hole spin axis. The gas angular momentum shows similar behaviour: SANE flows tend to only partially align while MAD flows tend to fully align. With a limited number of dynamical free parameters, our models can produce accretion rates, 230 GHz flux, and unresolved linear polarization fractions roughly consistent with observations for several choices of electron heating fraction. Absent another source of large-scale magnetic field, winds with a higher degree of magnetization (e.g. where the magnetic pressure is 1/100 of the ram pressure in the winds) may be required to get a sufficiently large rotation measure with consistent sign.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4277-4298
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume521
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Galaxy: centre
  • MHD
  • accretion, accretion discs
  • black hole physics
  • galaxies: jets
  • stars: Wolf-Rayet

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Wind-fed GRMHD simulations of Sagittarius A∗: Tilt and alignment of jets and accretion discs, electron thermodynamics, and multiscale modelling of the rotation measure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this