Wilson Loops at Large N and the Quantum M2-Brane

Simone Giombi, Arkady A. Tseytlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The Wilson loop operator in the U(N)k×U(N)-k Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory at large N and fixed level k has a dual description in terms of a wrapped M2-brane in the M-theory given by the product of four-dimensional anti de Sitter space (AdS4) and S7/Zk. We consider the localization result for the 12-Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield circular Wilson loop expectation value W in this regime and compare it to the prediction of the M2-brane theory. The leading large N exponential factor is matched as expected by the classical action of the M2-brane solution with AdS2×S1 geometry. We show that the subleading k-dependent prefactor in W is also exactly reproduced by the one-loop term in the partition function of the wrapped M2-brane (with all Kaluza-Klein modes included). This appears to be the first case of an exact matching of the overall numerical prefactor in the Wilson loop expectation value against the dual holographic result. It provides an example of a consistent quantum M2-brane computation, suggesting various generalizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number201601
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 19 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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