Wide-field Survey of Dwarf Satellite Systems around 10 Hosts in the Local Volume

Scott G. Carlsten, Johnny P. Greco, Rachael L. Beaton, Jenny E. Greene

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62 Scopus citations


We present the results of an extensive search for dwarf satellite galaxies around 10 primary host galaxies in the Local Volume (LV, D < 12 Mpc) using archival CFHT/MegaCam imaging data. The hosts span a wide range in properties, with stellar masses ranging from that of the Large Magellanic Cloud to ∼3 times that of the Milky Way. The surveyed hosts are: NGC 1023, NGC 1156, NGC 2903, NGC 4258, NGC 4565, NGC 4631, NGC 5023, M51, M64, and M104. We detect satellite candidates using a consistent semi-automated detection algorithm that is optimized for the detection of low surface brightness objects. Depending on the host, our completeness limit is M g ∼-8 to-10 (assuming the distance of the host). We detect objects with surface brightness down to mag arcsec-2 at 90% completeness. The survey areas of the six best-surveyed hosts cover most of the inner projected area, which will roughly double the number of massive LV hosts surveyed at this level of area and luminosity completeness, once distances are measured for the candidates. The number of detected candidates range from 1 around M64 to 33 around NGC 4258. In total, 155 candidates are found, of which 93 are new. While we defer an analysis of the satellite luminosity functions of the hosts until distance information is available for the candidates, we do show that the candidates are primarily red, spheroidal systems with properties roughly consistent with known satellites in the Local Group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number144
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 10 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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