Who votes after a coup? Theory and evidence from Egypt

Elizabeth R. Nugent, Steven Brooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


More than half of leaders who come to power through military coups hold elections to legitimate their regimes, yet there is extensive subnational variation in how citizens accept or reject this process. In this paper, we examine district-by-district voting patterns in Egyptian presidential elections a few months following the July 2013 military coup to identify the ecological correlates of three district-level measures of citizen engagement with the electoral process: voter turnout, valid (non-spoilt) ballots, and votes cast for the regime-affiliated candidate. Controlling for baseline measures of these outcomes from the free and fair presidential elections prior to the coup, we find support for the enduring effect of partisanship: districts with higher support for the deposed candidate in pre-coup elections featured systematically lower turnout and rates of valid voting in post-coup elections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-638
Number of pages28
JournalMeditteranean Politics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Political Science and International Relations


  • Egypt
  • coups
  • elections


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