When is a distribution not a distribution, and why would you care: Single-molecule measurements of repressor protein 1-D diffusion on DNA

Y. M. Wang, H. Flyvbjerg, E. C. Cox, Robert Hamilton Austin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We address the long-standing puzzle of why some proteins find their targets faster than allowed by 3D diffusion. To this end, we measured the onedimensional diffusion of LacI repressor proteins along elongated Lambda DNA using single molecule imaging techniques. We find that (1) LacI diffuses along nonspecific sequences of DNA in the form of 1D Brownian motion; (2) the observed 1D diffusion coefficients DDNA vary over an unexpectedly large range, from 2.3 × 10-12 cm2/s to 1.3 × 10-9 cm2/s; (3) the lengths of DNA covered by these 1D diffusions vary from 120nm to 2920 nm; and (4) the mean values of D DNA and the diffusional lengths indeed predict a LacI target binding rate 90 times faster than the 3D diffusion limit. The first half of this chapter is a tutorial on the models we use to think about the physics, the limited and noisy data, and how to squeeze the maximum amount of physics from these data. The second half is about our experiments and results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationControlled Nanoscale Motion
Subtitle of host publicationNobel Symposium 131
EditorsHeiner Linke, Alf Mansson
Pages217-240
Number of pages24
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Physics
Volume711
ISSN (Print)0075-8450

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Wang, Y. M., Flyvbjerg, H., Cox, E. C., & Austin, R. H. (2007). When is a distribution not a distribution, and why would you care: Single-molecule measurements of repressor protein 1-D diffusion on DNA. In H. Linke, & A. Mansson (Eds.), Controlled Nanoscale Motion: Nobel Symposium 131 (pp. 217-240). (Lecture Notes in Physics; Vol. 711). https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-49522-3_11