Western Arabia and Yemen during the ottoman period

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Ottoman views of, and policies towards, the Ḣijāz as well as the Indian Ocean are well established. In Arabia, the Ottomans were the inheritors of three legacies from the Mamlūks whom they supplanted in Syria and finally in Egypt in 922/1517. The first involved the effort to repel the Portuguese, who had irrupted into the Indian Ocean world in 902/1497, and had set up a state based on commerce and warfare and which threatened to dominate the Indian Ocean as well as the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. The second legacy was the Mamlūk occupation of the relatively rich province of Yemen, domination over which meant tax revenues, the effective protection of the Ḣijāz from the south and control of the trade that crossed into the Red Sea. The third legacy involved the incorporation of the Ḣijāz into the empire.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe New Cambridge History of Islam
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781139056151
ISBN (Print)9780521839570
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Arts and Humanities


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