The permeation of water through 1100 equivalent weight Nafion membranes has been measured for film thicknesses of 51-254 μm, temperatures of 30-80 °C, and water activities (aw) from 0,3 to 1 (liquid water). Water permeation coefficients increased with water content in Nation. For feed side water activity in the range 0 < aw 0.8, permeation coefficients increased linearly with water activity and scaled inversely with membrane thickness. The permeation coefficients were independent of membrane thickness when the feed side of the membrane was in contact with liquid water (a w = 1). The permeation coefficient for a 127 μm thick membrane increased by a factor of 10 between contacting the feed side of the membrane to water vapor (aw = 0.9) compared to liquid water (aw = 1). Water permeation couples interfacial transport across the fluid membrane interface with water transport through the hydrophilic phase of Nation. At low water activity the hydrophilic volume fraction is small and permeation is limited by water diffusion. The volume fraction of the hydrophilic phase increases with water activity, increasing water transport. As aw → 1, the effective transport rate increased by almost an order of magnitude, resulting in a change of the limiting transport resistance from water permeation across the membrane to interfacial mass transport at the gas/membrane interface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry