We demonstrate wide-area fabrication of sub-40 nm diameter, 1.5 μm tall, high aspect ratio silicon pillar arrays with straight sidewalls by combining nanoimprint lithography (NIL) and deep reactive ion etching (DRIE). Imprint molds were used to pre-pattern nanopillar positions precisely on a 200 nm square lattice with long range order. The conventional DRIE etching process was modified and optimized with reduced cycle times and gas flows to achieve vertical sidewalls; with such techniques the pillar sidewall roughness can be reduced below 8 nm (peak-to-peak). In some cases, sub-50 nm diameter pillars, 3 μm tall, were fabricated to achieve aspect ratios greater than 60:1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering