Vortex and structural dynamics of a flexible cylinder in cross-flow

Jessica K. Shang, Howard A. Stone, Alexander Smits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A low-density, flexible cantilevered cylinder was permitted to vibrate freely under the influence of vortex shedding in the laminar flow regime. We find that the vortexinduced vibrations (VIV) of a flexible cantilever depart from those of a flexible cylinder that is fixed at both ends. In particular, we find discontinuous regions of VIV behavior - here called states - as a function of the reduced velocity U*. These states are demarcated by discrete changes in the dominant eigenmodes of the structural response as the cylinder vibrates in progressively higher structural modes with increasing U*. The contribution of structural modes can be identified readily by amodal projection of the cylinder oscillation onto known cantilever beam modes. Oscillation frequencies do not monotonically increase with U*. The wake response between different states is also found to have distinct characteristics; of particular note is the occurrence of a P+S wake over one of these regions, which is associated with a high-amplitude vibration of the cylinder that is due to the constructive interference of contributing eigenmodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number053605
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 28 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Vortex and structural dynamics of a flexible cylinder in cross-flow'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this