Vapor-solid growth of high optical quality MoS2 monolayers with near-unity valley polarization

Sanfeng Wu, Chunming Huang, Grant Aivazian, Jason S. Ross, David H. Cobden, Xiaodong Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

399 Scopus citations


Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are atomically thin direct-gap semiconductors with potential applications in nanoelectronics, optoelectronics, and electrochemical sensing. Recent theoretical and experimental efforts suggest that they are ideal systems for exploiting the valley degrees of freedom of Bloch electrons. For example, Dirac valley polarization has been demonstrated in mechanically exfoliated monolayer MoS 2 samples by polarization-resolved photoluminescence, although polarization has rarely been seen at room temperature. Here we report a new method for synthesizing high optical quality monolayer MoS2 single crystals up to 25 μm in size on a variety of standard insulating substrates (SiO2, sapphire, and glass) using a catalyst-free vapor-solid growth mechanism. The technique is simple and reliable, and the optical quality of the crystals is extremely high, as demonstrated by the fact that the valley polarization approaches unity at 30 K and persists at 35% even at room temperature, suggesting a virtual absence of defects. This will allow greatly improved optoelectronic TMDC monolayer devices to be fabricated and studied routinely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2768-2772
Number of pages5
JournalACS Nano
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 26 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • molybdenum disulfide
  • monolayer
  • photoluminescence
  • valley polarization
  • valleytronics
  • vapor-solid growth


Dive into the research topics of 'Vapor-solid growth of high optical quality MoS2 monolayers with near-unity valley polarization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this