LSD elicits a number of emergent behaviors in the cat, including limb flicking, abortive grooming, investigatory and hallucinatory-like behaviors, which we have proposed as an animal behavior model for studying the actions of LSD and related hallucinogens. These emergent behaviors were used in the present study to investigate the duration of action of LSD, as well as the onset and duration of tolerance. A dose of 10 μg/kg of LSD produced significant behavioral changes for up to 4 h, while a dose of 50 μg/kg produced changes lasting for at least 8 h. Tolerance to a test dose of 50 μg/kg of LSD is virtually complete one day after a single 50 μg/kg dose, and lasts for approximately 5 days. Tolerance to a test dose of 50 μg/kg of LSD one day after a single dose of 10 μg/kg is quite marked, and lasts for approximately 3 days. A significant tolerance to a test dose of 50 μg/kg of LSD occurs within 2 h after a single injection of 10 μg/kg. The limb flick was found to be the most sensitive index in all tests: it showed the longest time-course, as well as the most rapid and longest-lasting tolerance. These studies demonstrate that the LSD-induced behavioral syndrome in the cat parallels important parameters of the action of LSD in humans, and thus enhances the usefulness of the model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology