Use of SSK modulation in two-way amplify-and-forward relaying

Miaowen Wen, Xiang Cheng, H. Vincent Poor, Bingli Jiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Space-shift keying (SSK) modulation is a novel multiple-input-multiple- output (MIMO) technique, which activates only a single antenna for transmission at any time instant and uses the index of this active antenna to implicitly convey information. In this paper, a pragmatic communication strategy for the use of SSK modulation in two-way amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying is proposed. Specifically, the transceiver sends the signal by employing SSK modulation and detects the signal based on the maximal-ratio combining principle. By considering a Nakagami-m fading environment, upper bounded and asymptotic bit error probabilities (BEPs) are both derived in closed form. The optimal power allocation problem in the minimization of the average BEP is also addressed. Finally, Monte Carlo simulations are conducted to verify the accuracy of the analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6576299
Pages (from-to)1498-1504
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Automotive Engineering


  • Amplify-and-forward (AF)
  • multiple-input multipleoutput (MIMO)
  • space-shift keying (SSK)
  • two-way relaying


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