We used differential display analysis to identify mRNAs that accumulate to enhanced levels in human cytomegalovirus-infected cells as compared with mock-infected cells. RNAs were compared at 8 hr after infection of primary human fibroblasts. Fifty-seven partial cDNA clones were isolated, representing about 26 differentially expressed mRNAs. Eleven of the mRNAs were virus-coded, and 15 were of cellular origin. Six of the partial cDNA sequences have not been reported previously. All of the cellular mRNAs identified in the screen are induced by interferon α. The induction in virus-infected cells, however, does not involve the action of interferon or other small signaling molecules. Neutralizing antibodies that block virus infection also block the induction. These RNAs accumulate after infection with virus that has been inactivated by treatment with UV light, indicating that the inducer is present in virions. We conclude that human cytomegalovirus induces interferon-responsive mRNAs.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Dec 9 1997
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