Use of computation-unit integrated memories in high-level synthesis

Chao Huang, Srivaths Ravi, Anand Raghunathan, Niraj K. Jha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High-level synthesis (HLS) of memory-intensive applications has featured several innovations in terms of enhancements made to the basic memory organization and data layout. However, increasing performance and energy demands faced by application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs) are forcing designers to alter the fundamental architectural template of the HLS output, namely, a controller datapath associated with a memory subsystem (monolithic, partitioned, etc.). An architectural template for the HLS output that consists of a controller-datapath circuit associated with a memory subsystem into which computation units have been integrated is proposed. The enhanced memory subsystem is called computation-unit integrated memory (CIM). A CIM offers higher memory bandwidth (relative to what is offered through the system bus) to computation units present locally within it and reduces the overall communication between the memory subsystem and the controller datapath, thus providing a template highly suitable for deriving efficient implementations of memory-intensive applications. This paper addresses the challenge of providing a systematic synthesis framework for a CIM-based architecture. This framework can analyze the various tradeoffs involved in selecting suitable operations in a behavior for execution using a CIM and generate a high-performance low-overhead implementation. Efficient data reuse of register files have also been fully exploited to further improve system performance. Experiments with several behaviors indicate that an average performance improvement of 2.02 × (a maximum of 2.70×) is possible with very low area overheads. The energy-delay product improves by an average of 2.5 × (maximum of 3.8×).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1677684
Pages (from-to)1969-1988
Number of pages20
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Application-specific integrated circuits
  • Controller/datapath
  • High-level synthesis
  • Integrated memory

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