Upper and lower bounds on phase-space rearrangements

E. J. Kolmes, N. J. Fisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Broad classes of plasma phenomena can be understood in terms of phase-space rearrangements. For example, the net effect of a wave-particle interaction may consist of moving populations of particles from one region of phase space to another. Different phenomena drive rearrangements that obey different rules. When those rules can be specified, it is possible to calculate bounds that limit the possible effects the rearrangement could have (such as limits on how much energy can be extracted from the particles). This leads to two problems. The first is to understand the mapping between the allowed class of rearrangements and the possible outcomes that these rearrangements can have on the overall distribution. The second is to understand which rules are appropriate for which physical systems. There has been recent progress on both fronts, but a variety of interesting questions remain unanswered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number042109
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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