Unsteady two-dimensional flows in complex geometries: Comparative bifurcation studies with global eigenfunction expansions

Anil K. Bangia, Paul F. Batcho, Ioannis G. Kevrekidis, George Em Karniadakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a bifurcation study of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in a model complex geometry: a spatially periodic array of cylinders in a channel. The dynamics of the flow include a Hopf bifurcation from steady to oscillatory flow at an approximate Reynolds number R of 350 and the appearance of a second frequency at approximately R ≃ 890. The multiple frequency dynamics include a substantial increase in spatial and temporal scales with Reynolds number as compared with the simple limit cycle oscillation present close to R = 350. Numerical bifurcation studies of the dynamics are performed using three forms of global eigenfunction expansions. The first basis set is derived through principal factor analysis (Karhunen-Loève expansion) of snapshots from accurate direct spectral element numerical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations. The second set is obtained from the eigenfunctions of the Stokes operator for this geometry. Finally eigenfunctions are derived from a singular Stokes operator, i.e., the Stokes operator modified to include a variable coefficient which vanishes at the domain boundaries. Truncated systems of (∼ 100) ODEs are obtained through projection of the Navier-Stokes equations onto the basis sets, and a comparative study of the resulting dynamical models is performed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-805
Number of pages31
JournalSIAM Journal of Scientific Computing
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • Bifurcation
  • Continuation
  • Eigenfunction expansions
  • Galerkin method

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Unsteady two-dimensional flows in complex geometries: Comparative bifurcation studies with global eigenfunction expansions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this