Unitary and complex matrix models as 1-d type 0 strings

I. R. Klebanov, J. Maldacena, N. Seiberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


We propose that the double scaling behavior of the unitary matrix models, and that of the complex matrix models, is related to type 0B and 0A fermionic string theories. The particular backgrounds involved correspond to ĉ < 1 matter coupled to super-Liouville theory. We examine in detail the ĉ = 0 or pure supergravity case, which is related to the double scaling limit around the Gross-Witten transition, and find that reversing the sign of the Liouville superpotential interchanges the 0A and 0B theories. We also find smooth transitions between weakly coupled string backgrounds with D-branes, and backgrounds with Ramond-Ramond fluxes only. Finally, we discuss matrix models with multicritical potentials that are conjectured to correspond to 0A/0B string theories based on (2, 4k) super-minimal models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-323
Number of pages49
JournalCommunications In Mathematical Physics
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Dec 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Unitary and complex matrix models as 1-d type 0 strings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this