We study the two-dimensional free symplectic fermion theory with antiperiodic boundary condition. This model has negative norm states with a naive inner product. This negative norm problem can be cured by introducing a new inner product. We demonstrate that this new inner product follows from the connection between the path integral formalism and the operator formalism. This model has a negative central charge, c=-2, and we clarify how two-dimensional conformal field theory with negative central charge can have a non-negative norm. Furthermore, we introduce α vacua in which the Hamiltonian is seemingly non-Hermitian. In spite of non-Hermiticity, we find that the energy spectrum is real. We also compare a correlation function with respect to the α vacua with that of the de Sitter space.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)