TY - JOUR

T1 - Uniqueness of smooth stationary black holes in vacuum

T2 - Small perturbations of the Kerr spaces

AU - Alexakis, S.

AU - Ionescu, A. D.

AU - Klainerman, S.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The goal of the paper is to prove a perturbative result, concerning the uniqueness of Kerr solutions, a result which we believe will be useful in the proof of their nonlinear stability. Following the program started in Ionescu and Klainerman (Invent. Math. 175:35-102, 2009), we attempt to remove the analyticity assumption in the the well known Hawking-Carter-Robinson uniqueness result for regular stationary vacuum black holes. Unlike (Ionescu and Klainerman in Invent. Math. 175:35-102, 2009), which was based on a tensorial characterization of the Kerr solutions, due to Mars (Class. Quant. Grav. 16:2507-2523, 1999), we rely here on Hawking's original strategy, which is to reduce the case of general stationary space-times to that of stationary and axi-symmetric spacetimes for which the Carter-Robinson uniqueness result holds. In this reduction Hawking had to appeal to analyticity. Using a variant of the geometric Carleman estimates developed in Ionescu and Klainerman (Invent. Math. 175:35-102, 2009), in this paper we show how to bypass analyticity in the case when the stationary vacuum space-time is a small perturbation of a given Kerr solution. Our perturbation assumption is expressed as a uniform smallness condition on the Mars-Simon tensor. The starting point of our proof is the new local rigidity theorem established in Alexakis et al. (Hawking's local rigidity theorem without analyticity. http://arxiv. org/abs/0902.1173v1[gr-qc], 2009).

AB - The goal of the paper is to prove a perturbative result, concerning the uniqueness of Kerr solutions, a result which we believe will be useful in the proof of their nonlinear stability. Following the program started in Ionescu and Klainerman (Invent. Math. 175:35-102, 2009), we attempt to remove the analyticity assumption in the the well known Hawking-Carter-Robinson uniqueness result for regular stationary vacuum black holes. Unlike (Ionescu and Klainerman in Invent. Math. 175:35-102, 2009), which was based on a tensorial characterization of the Kerr solutions, due to Mars (Class. Quant. Grav. 16:2507-2523, 1999), we rely here on Hawking's original strategy, which is to reduce the case of general stationary space-times to that of stationary and axi-symmetric spacetimes for which the Carter-Robinson uniqueness result holds. In this reduction Hawking had to appeal to analyticity. Using a variant of the geometric Carleman estimates developed in Ionescu and Klainerman (Invent. Math. 175:35-102, 2009), in this paper we show how to bypass analyticity in the case when the stationary vacuum space-time is a small perturbation of a given Kerr solution. Our perturbation assumption is expressed as a uniform smallness condition on the Mars-Simon tensor. The starting point of our proof is the new local rigidity theorem established in Alexakis et al. (Hawking's local rigidity theorem without analyticity. http://arxiv. org/abs/0902.1173v1[gr-qc], 2009).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955553118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955553118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00220-010-1072-1

DO - 10.1007/s00220-010-1072-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77955553118

VL - 299

SP - 89

EP - 127

JO - Communications in Mathematical Physics

JF - Communications in Mathematical Physics

SN - 0010-3616

IS - 1

ER -