Unfair Health Inequality

M. Fleurbaey, E. Schokkaert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Some factors leading to health inequalities point to unfairness (e.g., socioeconomic status, race, and access to health care); others may reflect individual responsibility (e.g., lifestyle) and may, therefore, offer less reason for concern. A coherent framework is presented to integrate these different aspects in the measurement of unfair health inequality. Socioeconomic inequalities are a special case within this more general approach. It is also argued that information about unfair health inequality is insufficient to evaluate the overall fairness of society. If we want to come to a global judgment, we need an overall measure of well-being that makes it possible to operationalize the trade-offs among health, income, and other relevant dimensions of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Health Economics
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780123756787
ISBN (Print)9780123756794
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • General Business, Management and Accounting


  • Concentration index
  • Direct unfairness
  • Equivalent income
  • Extreme group measures
  • Fairness gap
  • Health inequality
  • Racial disparities
  • Socioeconomic health inequality
  • Unfairness
  • Well-being


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