Understanding benzene formation pathways in pyrolysis of two C 6 H 10 isomers: Cyclohexene and 1,5-hexadiene

Jiaxing Wang, Wenyu Sun, Guoqing Wang, Xiaoyun Fan, Yin Yu Lee, Chung K. Law, Fei Qi, Bin Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


To explore the fuel isomeric effects on the benzene formation pathways, the pyrolysis of two C 6 H 10 isomers, cyclohexene (cC 6 H 10 ) and 1,5-hexadiene (C 6 H 10 -15), was investigated by using molecular-beam mass spectrometry with tunable synchrotron radiation as the ionization source. The isomer-resolved pyrolysis intermediates, including some key radicals, were clearly identified and quantified at different temperatures for both fuels. A new kinetic model was developed and validated against the experimental results. The fuel-specific intermediates pools, the dominant fuel destruction pathways, as well as specific reactions channels leading towards benzene formations under pyrolysis conditions were revealed through experimental and modeling efforts. The elimination reaction (cC 6 H 10 ?=?C 2 H 4 ? +?C 4 H 6 ) and the bond fission (C 6 H 10 -15?=?C 3 H 5 -A?+?C 3 H 5 -A) dominate the consumption of cC 6 H 10 and C 6 H 10 -15, respectively. Although the fuel structures of cC 6 H 10 and C 6 H 10 -15 and their corresponding intermediate pools are quite different, the stepwise dehydrogenation reactions via cyclohexadiene isomers contribute to the majority of the benzene formation in the pyrolysis of both fuels. The recombination between the propargyl radical (C 3 H 3 ) and allyl radical (C 3 H 5 -A) also contributes to benzene formation in the case of C 6 H 10 -15, while the C 4 ? +?C 2 pathway provides a small amount of benzene in the case of cC 6 H 10 .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1098
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


  • 1,5-Hexadiene
  • Benzene formation
  • Cyclohexene
  • Molecular-beam mass spectrometry
  • Pyrolysis


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