Unconventional scaling of the superfluid density with the critical temperature in transition metal dichalcogenides

F. O. Von Rohr, J. C. Orain, R. Khasanov, C. Witteveen, Z. Shermadini, A. Nikitin, J. Chang, A. R. Wieteska, A. N. Pasupathy, M. Z. Hasan, A. Amato, H. Luetkens, Y. J. Uemura, Z. Guguchia

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Abstract

We report on muon spin rotation experiments probing the magnetic penetration depth (T) in the layered superconductors in 2H-NbSe2 and 4H-NbSe2. The current results, along with our earlier findings on 1T′-MoTe2 (Guguchia et al.), demonstrate that the superfluid density scales linearly with Tc in the three transition metal dichalcogenide superconductors. Upon increasing pressure, we observe a substantial increase of the superfluid density in 2H-NbSe2, which we find to correlate with Tc. The correlation deviates from the abovementioned linear trend. A similar deviation from the Uemura line was also observed in previous pressure studies of optimally doped cuprates. This correlation between the superfluid density and Tc is considered a hallmark feature of unconventional superconductivity. Here, we show that this correlation is an intrinsic property of the superconductivity in transition metal dichalcogenides, whereas the ratio Tc/TF is approximately a factor of 20 lower than the ratio observed in hole-doped cuprates. We, furthermore, find that the values of the superconducting gaps are insensitive to the suppression of the charge density wave state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaav8465
JournalScience advances
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 29 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General

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    Von Rohr, F. O., Orain, J. C., Khasanov, R., Witteveen, C., Shermadini, Z., Nikitin, A., Chang, J., Wieteska, A. R., Pasupathy, A. N., Hasan, M. Z., Amato, A., Luetkens, H., Uemura, Y. J., & Guguchia, Z. (2019). Unconventional scaling of the superfluid density with the critical temperature in transition metal dichalcogenides. Science advances, 5(11), [eaav8465]. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav8465