To quantitatively understand the uncertainty of intrusive species sampling measurements using a microprobe, velocity and speciation profiles of acetone counterflow diffusion flames have been experimentally investigated with cross validations using non-intrusive particle image velocimetry (PIV) and laser induced fluorescence (LIF) measurements. It is shown that the separation distance between the fuel and oxidizer nozzles needs to be sufficiently large to achieve uniform radial velocity profiles at the nozzle exit and accurate measurements of fuel concentration distributions in flames. The impacts of the diffusion flame location relative to the stagnation plane and the diffusion flame thickness on quantitative species sampling are investigated by varying the fuel to oxygen ratio as well as nitrogen and helium as fuel diluents. The results show that the diffusion flame needs to be located on the fuel side far from the stagnation plane in order to obtain reliable speciation measurements of fuel oxidation-related species. For helium dilution in the fuel side, a significant deviation from the model prediction is found due to the excessively fast diffusion velocity of helium. The impact of the intrusive probe on the flow field and the structure of the counterflow diffusion flame are identified by acetone and OH LIF measurements. The uncertainty in the speciation measurement associated with flow perturbations by the probe is quantified and found to be comparable to the outer diameter of the probe, ±0.3 mm. A simple Reynolds number analysis shows that the flow near the probe is just on the outskirts of the Stokes regime. Finally, the structure of the acetone diffusion flame is measured quantitatively with species measurements of ethane, ethylene, and acetylene. The comparison between predictions and measurements indicate that the current C2 kinetic mechanism needs to be improved for quantitative prediction of the acetone flame structures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Flame chemistry