Ulysses' second orbit: Remarkably different solar wind

D. J. Mccomas, R. Goldstein, J. T. Gosling, R. M. Skoug

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67 Scopus citations


By the time of the 34th ESLAB symposium, dedicated to the memory of John Simpson, Ulysses had nearly reached its peak southerly latitude in its second polar orbit. The global solar wind structure observed thus far in Ulysses' second orbit is remarkably different from that observed over its first orbit. In particular, Ulysses observed highly irregular solar wind with less periodic stream interaction regions, much more frequent coronal mass ejections, and only a single, short interval of fast solar wind. Ulysses also observed the slowest solar wind seen thus far in its ten-year journey (∼270 km s-1). The complicated solar wind structure undoubtedly arises from the more complex coronal structure found around solar activity maximum, when the large polar coronal holes have disappeared and coronal streamers, small-scale coronal holes, and frequent CMEs are found at all heliolatitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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