The CDF and D0 collaborations have observed a forward-backward asymmetry in tt- production at large invariant mass in excess of the standard model prediction. One explanation involves a heavy color octet particle with axial vector couplings to quarks (an axigluon). We describe and contrast various aspects of axigluons obtained from the breaking of a chiral SU(3)L×SU(3)R gauge theory both from the standpoint of a string-inspired field theory and from a quiver analysis of a local type IIa intersecting brane construction. Special attention is paid to the additional constraints and issues that arise from these classes of top-down constructions compared with the more common effective field theory approach. These include the implications of a perturbative connection to a large scale; Yukawa couplings, which must be generated from higher-dimensional operators in many constructions; anomaly cancellation, in particular the implications of the required exotics for the axigluon width, perturbativity, and the signatures from exotic decays; the possibility of family nonuniversality via mirror representations, mixing with exotics, or additional SU(3) factors; the additional constraints from anomalous U(1) factors in the string constructions; tadpole cancellation, which implies new uncolored matter; the prevention of string-scale masses for vector pairs; and various phenomenological issues involving FCNC, CKM constraints, and the axigluon coupling strength. It is concluded that the construction of viable axigluon models from type IIa or similar constructions is problematic and would require considerable fine tuning, but is not entirely excluded. These considerations illustrate the importance of top-down constraints on possible TeV-scale physics, independent of the ultimate explanation of the tt- asymmetry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Phenomenological models
- Superstring vacua