Ultralow superharmonic resonance for functional nanowires

David Cohen-Tanugi, Austin Akey, Nan Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Functional nanowires, made from materials such as zinc oxide, offer the promise of energy scavenging and precise sensing due to their vibrational properties, but their high intrinsic resonance frequencies (in the kilohertz to megahertz range) have limited the applications in nanotechnology. In this paper, we describe a method for introducing a new type of resonance at ultralow frequencies in ZnO nanowires. By using in situ ion implantation, nanodevice assembly, electronic signal generation, mechanical measurement, and electron beam characterization, we have achieved resonance at frequencies two orders of magnitude lower than the natural resonance frequency. Through both experimental investigation and theoretical simulation, we show that electric charge imbalance arising from focused ion beam exposure is responsible for the creation of this unprecedented superharmonic resonance behavior in ZnO nanowires.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-859
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 10 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • General Materials Science


  • Energy harvesting
  • Nanowires
  • Power generating
  • Resonance
  • Sensors


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