## Abstract

SUMMARY: Procedures to couple reservoir and geomechanical models are reviewed. The focus is on immiscible compressible non-compositional reservoir-geomechanical models. Such models require the solution to: coupled stress, pressure, saturation and temperature equations. Although the couplings between saturation and temperature with stress and fluid pressure are 'weak' and can be adequately captured thru staggered (fixed point) iterations, the couplings between stress and pressure are 'strong' and require special procedures for accurate integration. As shown and discussed in detail in our previous works, two-way coupling (i.e., simultaneous integration) of pressure and stress equations is required if poromechanical effects are to be captured accurately. In our previous work, a Galerkin implementation of both pressure and stress equations was used with equal order interpolants.However, most (if not all) reservoir simulators use a finite volume implementation of the pressure equation. Therefore, there remain important unanswered questions related to the interface between a Galerkin vertex-centered geomechanical model with a reservoir finite volume model as such an implementation has never been attempted before. We address those issues in the following by studying the interface with both a cell-centered and a vertex-centered finite volume implementation of the pressure equation. Central to the success of the implementation is the computation of the Jacobian matrix. The elemental contribution to the coupling Jacobian matrix is computed through numerical finite differencing of the residuals. The procedure is detailed herein. In the following, in order to attempt to clear confusion, the simplest case of an isothermal fully saturated, slightly compressible system is presented in detail, and the various solution strategies, simplifications and shortcomings are identified.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 612-624 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering |

Volume | 98 |

Issue number | 8 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - May 25 2014 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Numerical Analysis
- Engineering(all)
- Applied Mathematics

## Keywords

- Couplings
- Finite element
- Finite volume
- Galerkin
- Poromechanics
- Pressure
- Stress