Two Warm Super-Earths Transiting the Nearby M Dwarf TOI-2095

Elisa V. Quintana, Emily A. Gilbert, Thomas Barclay, Michele L. Silverstein, Joshua E. Schlieder, Ryan Cloutier, Samuel N. Quinn, Joseph E. Rodriguez, Andrew Vanderburg, Benjamin J. Hord, Dana R. Louie, Colby Ostberg, Stephen R. Kane, Kelsey Hoffman, Jason F. Rowe, Giada N. Arney, Prabal Saxena, Taran Richardson, Matthew S. Clement, Nicholas M. KartvedtFred C. Adams, Marcus Alfred, Travis Berger, Allyson Bieryla, Paul Bonney, Patricia Boyd, Charles Cadieux, Douglas Caldwell, David R. Ciardi, David Charbonneau, Karen A. Collins, Knicole D. Colón, Dennis M. Conti, Mario Di Sora, Shawn Domagal-Goldman, Jessie Dotson, Thomas Fauchez, Erica J. Gonzales, Maximilian N. Günther, Christina Hedges, Giovanni Isopi, Erika Kohler, Ravi Kopparapu, Veselin B. Kostov, Jeffrey A. Larsen, Eric Lopez, Franco Mallia, Avi Mandell, Susan E. Mullally, Rishi R. Paudel, Brian P. Powell, George R. Ricker, Boris S. Safonov, Richard P. Schwarz, Ramotholo Sefako, Keivan G. Stassun, Robert Wilson, Joshua N. Winn, Roland K. Vanderspek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We report the detection and validation of two planets orbiting TOI-2095 (TIC 235678745). The host star is a 3700 K M1V dwarf with a high proper motion. The star lies at a distance of 42 pc in a sparsely populated portion of the sky and is bright in the infrared (K = 9). With data from 24 sectors of observation during Cycles 2 and 4 of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, TOI-2095 exhibits two sets of transits associated with super-Earth-sized planets. The planets have orbital periods of 17.7 days and 28.2 days and radii of 1.30 R and 1.39 R , respectively. Archival data, preliminary follow-up observations, and vetting analyses support the planetary interpretation of the detected transit signals. The pair of planets have estimated equilibrium temperatures of approximately 400 K, with stellar insolations of 3.23 and 1.73 S , placing them in the Venus zone. The planets also lie in a radius regime signaling the transition between rock-dominated and volatile-rich compositions. They are thus prime targets for follow-up mass measurements to better understand the properties of warm, transition-radius planets. The relatively long orbital periods of these two planets provide crucial data that can help shed light on the processes that shape the composition of small planets orbiting M dwarfs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number195
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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