In the attractive Hubbard Model (and some extended versions of it), the ground state is proved to have spin angular momentum S=0 for every (even) electron filling. In the repulsive case, and with a bipartite lattice and a half-filled band, the ground state has S=(1/2- -A--, where -B- (-A-) is the number of sites in the B (A) sublattice. In both cases the ground state is unique. The second theorem confirms an old, unproved conjecture in the -B-=-A- case and yields, with -B- -A-, the first provable example of itinerant-electron ferromagnetism. The theorems hold in all dimensions without even the necessity of a periodic lattice structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)