Two-dimensional quantum gas in a hybrid surface trap

J. I. Gillen, W. S. Bakr, A. Peng, P. Unterwaditzer, S. Fölling, M. Greiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate the realization of a two-dimensional (2D) quantum gas in a smooth optical surface trap. Using a combination of evanescent wave, standing wave, and magnetic potentials, we create a long-lived quantum gas deep in the 2D regime at a distance of a few microns from a glass surface. To realize a system suitable for many-body quantum simulation, we introduce methods such as broadband "white" light to create evanescent and standing waves to realize a smooth potential with a trap frequency aspect ratio of 300:1:1. We are able to detect phase fluctuations and vortices, and we demonstrate cooling to degeneracy and low disorder in the 2D configuration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021602
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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