Two-dimensional multiangle, multigroup neutrino radiation-hydrodynamic simulations of postbounce supernova cores

Christian D. Ott, Adam S. Burrows, Luc Dessart, Eli Livne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

168 Scopus citations

Abstract

We perform axisymmetric (2D) multiangle, multigroup neutrino radiation-hydrodynamic calculations of the post-bounce phase of core-collapse supernovae using a genuinely 2D discrete-ordinate (Sn) method. We follow the long-term postbounce evolution of the cores of one nonrotating and one rapidly rotating 20 M stellar model for ∼400 milliseconds from 160 to ∼550 ms after bounce. We present a multidimensional analysis of the multiangle neutrino radiation fields and compare in detail with counterpart simulations carried out in the 2D multigroup flux-limited diffusion (MGFLD) approximation to neutrino transport. We find that 2D multiangle transport is superior in capturing the global and local radiation-field variations associated with rotation-induced and SASI-induced aspherical hydrodynamic configurations. In the rotating model, multiangle transport predicts much larger asymptotic neutrino flux asymmetries with pole-to-equator ratios of up to ∼2.5, while MGFLD tends to sphericize the radiation fields already in the optically semitransparent postshock regions. Along the poles, the multiangle calculation predicts a dramatic enhancement of the neutrino heating by up to a factor of 3, which alters the postbounce evolution and results in greater polar shock radii and an earlier onset of the initially rotationally weakened SASI. In the nonrotating model, differences between multiangle and MGFLD calculations remain small at early times when the postshock region does not depart significantly from spherical symmetry. At later times, however, the growing SASI leads to large-scale asymmetries and the multiangle calculation predicts up to 30% higher average integral neutrino energy deposition rates than MGFLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1069-1088
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume685
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Hydrodynamics
  • Neutrinos
  • Radiative transfer
  • Stars: Evolution
  • Stars: Neutron
  • Supernovae: General

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