Two-beam coupling in liquids via stimulated Rayleigh-wing scattering

Arthur Dogariu, Tiejun Xia, David J. Hagan, Ali A. Said, Eric W. Van Stryland, Nicolaas Bloembergen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Transient energy transfer or two-beam coupling is demonstrated in CS 2 and other transparent Kerr liquids using frequency chirped, 17 picosecond (HW1/eM) 532 nm pulses with several polarization combinations. As the temporal delay between pulses in a standard pump-probe geometry is varied within the coherence time, the first pulse always loses energy while the second pulse gains this energy. Scattering from phase gratings can lead to coherent energy coupling only if the nonlinearity has a finite relaxation time. This two-beam coupling in Kerr media such as CS 2 is associated with stimulated Rayleigh-wing scattering (SRWS). The frequency difference needed for beam coupling can be achieved with chirped pulses or with short pulses in nonlinear materials if irradiance dependent phase shifts are being developed during the laser pulse due to self and cross-phase modulation. Here we consider the interaction between linearly chirped pulses obtained from our modelocked, Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. This leads to an energy transfer linearly proportional to irradiance, so that the signal can be observed at irradiances lower than those needed for induced phased modulation. The measurements are performed on CS 2 but the results are valid for any Kerr liquid that has a nonlinear index of refraction with a relaxation time on the order of the laser pulse width. We demonstrate that the interaction follows the polarization dependence of SRWS. The only parameters needed for the theoretical fittings are the nonlinear index n 2, its relaxation time and the linear chirp of the laser pulse. The first two are well known for CS 2 and the laser chirp is independently measured using first and second order autocorrelations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsChristopher M. Lawson
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes
EventNonlinear Optical Liquids - Denver, CO, USA
Duration: Aug 5 1996Aug 6 1996

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherNonlinear Optical Liquids
CityDenver, CO, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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