Two α-herpesvirus strains are transported differentially in the rodent visual system

J. P. Card, M. E. Whealy, A. K. Robbins, R. Y. Moore, L. W. Enquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uptake and transneuronal passage of wild-type and attenuated strains of a swine α-herpesvirus (pseudorabies [PRV]) were examined in rat visual projections. Both strains of virus infected subpopulations of retinal ganglion cells and passed transneuronally to infect retinorecipient neurons in the forebrain. However, the location of infected forebrain neurons varied with the strain of virus. Intravitreal injection of wild-type virus produced two temporally separated waves of infection that eventually reached all known retino-recipient regions of the central neuraxis. By contrast, the attenuated strain of PRV selectively infected a functionally distinct subset of retinal ganglion cells with restricted central projections. The data indicate that projection-specific groups of ganglion cells are differentially susceptible to the two strains of virus and suggest that this sensitivity may be receptor mediated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)957-969
Number of pages13
JournalNeuron
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

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