TWINS stereoscopic imaging of multiple peaks in the ring current

J. D. Perez, J. Goldstein, D. J. McComas, P. Valek, N. Buzulukova, M. C. Fok, H. J. Singer

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22 Scopus citations


Global, ion equatorial flux distributions and energy spectra are presented from stereoscopic Two Wide-Angle Imaging Neutral-Atom Spectrometers (TWINS) 1 and TWINS 2 energetic neutral atom (ENA) images for two time periods, 29 May 2010, 1330-1430 UT and 26 May 2011, 1645-1715 UT. The first is just after the main phase of a weak (minimum SYM/H ≈ -70 to -80 nT) corotating interaction region-driven geomagnetic storm. The second is during a relatively quiet period. The global ion distributions show multiple spatial peaks that are coincident with peaks in the AE index. The energy spectra have a primary maximum in the 15-20 keV range. Below the energy maximum, the flux is Maxwellian. Above the main maximum, the flux is either significantly below that of a Maxwellian or has a second component with a maximum in the 40-50 keV range. For the 29 May 2010, 1330-1430 UT time period, the flux from the TWINS stereoscopic images is compared to the results from TWINS 1 and TWINS 2 alone illustrating the advantage of stereoscopic viewing. The flux deconvolved from the TWINS images also shows spatial and temporal correlations with Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) in situ measurements. Magnetic field dipolarizations observed by GOES support the existence of a peak in the ion flux in the midnight/dawn sector. In summary, increased spatial resolution from TWINS stereoscopic ENA images is demonstrated. Multiple peaks in the ion flux of trapped particles in the ring current are observed. THEMIS electrostatic analyzer in situ ion flux measurements and GOES geosynchronous magnetic field measurements are consistent with the spatial and temporal structure obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-383
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • ENA imaging
  • magnetosphere
  • ring current


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