Turning waves and breakdown for incompressible flows

Angel Castro, Diego Córdoba, Charles L. Fefferman, Francisco Gancedo, María López-Fernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


We consider the evolution of an interface generated between two immiscible, incompressible, and irrotational fluids. Specifically we study the Muskat and water wave problems. We show that starting with a family of initial data given by (α,f0(α)), the interface reaches a regime in finite time in which is no longer a graph. Therefore there exists a time t* where the solution of the free boundary problem parameterized as (α,f(α, t)) blows up: ∥∂αf∥L∞ (t*) = ∞. In particular, for the Muskat problem, this result allows us to reach an unstable regime, for which the Rayleigh-Taylor condition changes sign and the solution breaks down.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4754-4759
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number12
StatePublished - Mar 22 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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