Tuning the phase behavior of semicrystalline hydrogenated polynorbornene via epimerization

Jared P. Klein, Richard A. Register

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hydrogenated polynorbornene (hPN) synthesized by ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) exhibits a thermoreversible change in crystal polymorph at a temperature Tcc below its melting point, Tm. The polymorphic transition corresponds to a sharp increase in rotational disorder around the chain axis as the temperature is increased above Tcc. Saturation of ROMP polynorbornene (PN) to hPN can be achieved through both catalytic and noncatalytic approaches. Here, three different hydrogenation routes were employed on the same precursor polymer: catalytic routes over either supported Pd0 or a Ni/Al complex, and noncatalytic saturation with diimide. The different hydrogenation routes result in hPNs with varying degrees of epimerization of the cyclopentylene ring (from cis to trans); these epimerized units are included in the hPN crystals. The crystal structure of the rotationally ordered hPN polymorph, observed below Tcc, changes sharply at low levels of epimerization and then is weakly influenced by further increases in trans content. The stability of the rotationally ordered hPN polymorph decreases with increasing epimerization, as reflected in a reduction of Tcc from 134 °C to 92 °C at 22% epimerization. Tcc is less affected by epimerization than by the inclusion of a similar content of 5-methylnorbornene units, reflecting the smaller size of the trans defect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1188-1195
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume57
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • epimerization
  • hydrogenation
  • polymorphism
  • polynorbornene

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Tuning the phase behavior of semicrystalline hydrogenated polynorbornene via epimerization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this