Tuning the Band Gap in the Halide Perovskite CsPbBr3through Sr Substitution

Daniel B. Straus, Robert J. Cava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ability to continuously tune the band gap of a semiconductor allows its optical properties to be precisely tailored for specific applications. We demonstrate that the band gap of the halide perovskite CsPbBr3 can be continuously widened through homovalent substitution of Sr2+ for Pb2+ using solid-state synthesis, creating a material with the formula CsPb1-xSrxBr3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). Sr2+ and Pb2+ form a solid solution in CsPb1-xSrxBr3. Pure CsPbBr3 has a band gap of 2.29(2) eV, which increases to 2.64(3) eV for CsPb0.25Sr0.75Br3. The increase in band gap is clearly visible in the color change of the materials and is also confirmed by a shift in the photoluminescence. Density-functional theory calculations support the hypothesis that Sr incorporation widens the band gap without introducing mid-gap defect states. These results demonstrate that homovalent B-site alloying can be a viable method to tune the band gap of simple halide perovskites for absorptive and emissive applications such as color-tunable light-emitting diodes, tandem solar cells, and photodetectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34884-34890
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume14
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Keywords

  • absorption
  • band gap
  • doping
  • perovskite
  • photoluminescence
  • semiconductor
  • solid solution
  • stability

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