We demonstrate tuning of the Fermi contour anisotropy of two-dimensional (2D) holes in a symmetric GaAs (001) quantum well via the application of in-plane strain. The ballistic transport of high-mobility hole carriers allows us to measure the Fermi wavevector of 2D holes via commensurability oscillations as a function of strain. Our results show that a small amount of in-plane strain, on the order of 10-4, can induce significant Fermi wavevector anisotropy as large as 3.3, equivalent to a mass anisotropy of 11 in a parabolic band. Our method to tune the anisotropy in situ provides a platform to study the role of anisotropy in phenomena such as the fractional quantum Hall effect and composite fermions in interacting 2D systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)