We consider the ground state of a single "spin-down" impurity atom interacting attractively with a "spin-up" atomic Fermi gas. By constructing variational wave functions for polarons, molecules, and trimers, we perform a detailed study of the transitions between these dressed bound states as a function of mass ratio r=m/m and interaction strength. Crucially, we find that the presence of a Fermi sea enhances the stability of the p-wave trimer, which can be viewed as a Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin- Ovchinnikov molecule that has bound an additional majority atom. For sufficiently large r, we find that the transitions lie outside the region of phase separation of the imbalanced Fermi gas and should thus be observable in experiment, unlike the well-studied equal-mass case.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)