Triggering tearing in a forming current sheet with the mirror instability

Himawan W. Winarto, Matthew W. Kunz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the time-dependent formation and evolution of a current sheet (CS) in a magnetised, collisionless, high-beta plasma using hybrid-kinetic particle-in-cell simulations. An initially tearing-stable Harris sheet is frozen into a persistently driven incompressible flow so that its characteristic thickness gradually decreases in time. As the CS thins, the strength of the reconnecting field increases, and adiabatic invariance in the inflowing fluid elements produces a field-biased pressure anisotropy with excess perpendicular pressure. At large plasma beta, this anisotropy excites the mirror instability, which deforms the reconnecting field on ion-Larmor scales and dramatically reduces the effective thickness of the CS. Tearing modes whose wavelengths are comparable to that of the mirrors then become unstable, triggering reconnection on smaller scales and at earlier times than would have occurred if the thinning CS were to have retained its Harris profile. A novel method for identifying and tracking X-points is introduced, yielding X-point separations that are initially intermediate between the perpendicular and parallel mirror wavelengths in the upstream plasma. These mirror-stimulated tearing modes ultimately grow and merge to produce island widths comparable to the CS thickness, an outcome we verify across a range of CS formation timescales and initial CS widths. Our results may find their most immediate application in the tearing disruption of magnetic folds generated by turbulent dynamo in weakly collisional, high-beta, astrophysical plasmas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number905880210
JournalJournal of Plasma Physics
Volume88
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Keywords

  • Astrophysical plasmas
  • Plasma instabilities
  • Plasma simulation

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