Transmission Electron Microscopy of Aqueous Polymer Gel Network Morphology

Joseph A.N. Zasadzinski, Jeffrey Kramer, Alice Chu, Robert K. Prud'Homme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Freeze-fracture TEM images of polymer network structure in aqueous hydroxypropyl guar (HPG) gels permit direct correlations between observed gel morphology and macroscopic chemical and mechanical properties. HPG in aqueous solution associates via hydrogen bonding, even without titanate crosslinker, to form an extended network, the structure of which depends on the electrolyte concentration. The titanate crosslinker acts only to weld together polymer molecules already associated by hydrogen bonding. Mechanical shear degrades the gel by breaking up the network inhomogeneously to form “fractured gel particles small domains of well-crosslinked gel separated by fluid domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-289
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Communications
Volume52
Issue number4-6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Keywords

  • Electron microscopy
  • Enhanced oil recovery
  • Freeze-fracture
  • Gels
  • Guar
  • Polymers

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