Transient interactions between a premixed double flame and a vortex

Christopher B. Reuter, Viswanath R. Katta, Omar R. Yehia, Yiguang Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The interaction between a laminar flame and a vortex is an important study for understanding the fundamentals of turbulent combustion. In the past, however, flame-vortex interactions have been investigated only for high-temperature flames. In this study, the impact of a vortex on a premixed double flame, which consists of a coupled cool flame and a hot flame, is examined experimentally and computationally using dimethyl ether/oxygen/ozone mixtures. The double flame is first shown to occur near the extinction limit of the hot flame. The differences between steady-state cool flames, double flames, and hot flames are explored in a one-dimensional counterflow configuration. The transient interactions between double flames and impinging vortices are then investigated experimentally using a micro-jet and numerically in two-dimensional transient modeling. It is seen that the vortex can extinguish the near-limit hot flame locally, resulting in a lone cool flame. At higher vortex intensities, the cool flame may also be extinguished after the extinction of the hot flame. It is found that there can be three different transient flame structures coexisting at the same time: an extinguished flame hole, a cool flame, and a double flame. Moreover, flame curvature is shown to play an important role in determining whether the vortex weakens or strengthens the cool flame and double flame.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1851-1859
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


  • Counterflow premixed flame
  • Dimethyl ether
  • Double flame
  • Flame-vortex interaction
  • Low-temperature chemistry


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